BAEYER, ADOLF VON


BAEYER, ADOLF VON
BAEYER, ADOLF VON (1835–1917), German organic chemist and Nobel Prize winner. Baeyer was born in Berlin. His mother was the daughter of J.E. Hitzig\>\> , literature historian and authority on criminal law and his father, Johann Jacob Baeyer, a non-Jewish scientist. Adolf Baeyer made his first chemical discovery – a double carbonate of copper and sodium – when he was 12. He went to Heidelberg, where he came under the influence of his lifelong friend, August Kekulé, the German chemist, with whom he went to Ghent in 1858. In 1860 he returned to Berlin and was appointed professor of organic chemistry at the Gewerbeinstitut (later the Charlottenburg Technische Hochschule). There he worked on the study of uric acid, and began 20 years of research on indigo. This was the basis of synthetic indigo, which eventually completely displaced the natural product, and was the foundation of the German dyestuffs industry. His work on alizarin also led to alizarin dyes, driving the natural pigment off the market. His field then extended into physiological chemistry. In 1872 Baeyer became professor at Strasbourg and in 1875 in Munich, where he continued to teach and experiment until he was 80. His work covered many fields, including acetylenic compounds, strain within chemical molecules, the structure of benzene, the constitution of terpenes, oxygen compounds with quadrivalent oxygen, carbonium compounds, and the relationship between color and chemical constitution. His many papers in chemical journals helped to lay the foundations for the new science of organic chemistry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1905 for "the advancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds." His numerous other awards included the Davy Medal of the British Royal Society in 1881 and a German patent of nobility in 1885. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Schmorl, Adolf von Baeyer, 18351917 (Ger. 1952), incl. bibl.; T. Levitan, The Laureates (1960), 27–29; Henrich, in: American Chemical Society, Journal of Chemical Education, 7 (1930), 1231–48; Perkin, in: Chemical Society (London), Journal of the Chemical Society, 123 (1923), 1520–46; G. Bugge, Buch der grossen Chemiker, 2 (1930), 321–35, index. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Baeyer, Adolf von — ▪ German chemist in full  Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer   born Oct. 31, 1835, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died Aug. 20, 1917, Starnberg, near Munich, Ger.  German research chemist who synthesized indigo (1880) and formulated its… …   Universalium

  • Baeyer, Adolf von — (1835–1917)    German organic chemist and Nobel laureate, 1905. Son of a Jewish mother, Baeyer was a professor of organic chemistry in Berlin. He discovered a synthetic indigo which led to the formation of the large German dyestuff industry. His… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Baeyer, Adolf von — (1835 1917)    German chemist. He was a professor of organic chemistry in Berlin. He won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1905 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Baeyer, Adolf von — ► (1835 1917) Químico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1905. Descubrió el ácido barbitúrico y determinó la estructura del benceno …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Adolf von Baeyer — Infobox Scientist name = Adolf von Baeyer image+size = 180px caption = Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer in 1905 birth date = birth date|1835|10|31|mf=y birth place = Berlin, Germany nationality = Germany death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf-von-Baeyer-Preis — Der Adolf von Baeyer Preis wird von der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker in Verbindung mit der Adolf von Baeyer Denkmünze für herausragende Forschungsleistungen und Entdeckungen an Chemiker vergeben. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Preisträger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf von Baeyer — Adolf von Baeyer, 1905, offizielles Nobelpreisfoto Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf (seit 1885 Ritter von) Baeyer [ˈbaiɐ] (* 31. Oktober 1835 in Berlin; † 20. August 1917 in Starnberg) war ein deutscher Chemiker. Von Baeyer entwickelte die erste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf von Baeyer — Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer Naissance 31 octobre 1835 Berlin (Allemagne) Décès 20 août 1917 Starnberg (Allemagne) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adolf von Bayer — Adolf von Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer (31 octobre 1835 à Berlin 20 août 1917), plus connu sous le simple nom d Adolf (Adolphe) von Baeyer, est un chimiste allemand …   Wikipédia en Français


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